In addition to raising the age of compulsory education, many States have taken other measures to discourage students from dropping out of school. For example, 29 states link driver`s licenses to school attendance and performance. But what about students who drop out – or start dropping out – before reaching the minimum age? States have studied their school age limits as a strategy to prevent early school leaving, coupled with policies that impose attendance requirements and require students to be informed of the economic consequences and opportunities to drop out of the baccalaureate. “There is evidence that raising the maximum age of compulsory education above 16 reduces drop-out rates and leads to other positive outcomes. Until recently, most states allowed students to drop out of high school at age 16; Today, 32 states have set the age of compulsory education at 17 or 18. States can make maximum compulsory education more meaningful by revoking work permits and driving privileges for students who drop out before the minimum school age set by the government. States may also require that students who drop out of school before graduation receive information not only about the economic consequences of dropping out of school, but also about how to complete their baccalaureate afterwards. “Although each state has a set minimum age for students to drop out of school, there are many asterisks to allow earlier dropouts. Some states allow school districts to adapt to local needs, sometimes they allow special regulations in rural areas. According to the State Board of Education, school districts also provide exemptions for students who must work, who have physical or mental conditions that make attendance difficult, who have parental permission, etc. These efforts to keep children in school seem to have had an effect.
Studies have shown that over the past 18 years, dropout rates in the United States have dropped by nearly two-thirds. In 2000, about 1.6 million young people aged 16-19 were not in school or had no school-leaving certificate. Today, there are about 669,000. For your teen, school may seem boring and unnecessary. The idea of ending it and making your own way in the world may seem tempting. If you`re the parent of a high school student thinking about dropping out, it can be hard to talk them out. They may hate school and see dropping out of school as a ticket to freedom and an opportunity to earn a paycheck now rather than later. In recent years, in the United States, the trend has been towards the expansion of compulsory schooling in order to reduce drop-out rates. According to the latest figures from the National Center for Education Statistics, the majority of states now require students to be 17 or 18 years old before they can drop out of college. Since 2000, the number of countries setting the 16-year limit has been reduced from 29 to 15. While statistics show that dropping out of school is usually a bad idea, the motivation to drop out of school can be overwhelming. However, if students want to do so, state laws are a barrier until they reach a certain age — 16, 17 or 18, depending on the state.
It may be wise to sit down and talk to them about the likely impact of this decision, and also talk to school counselors and staff about how your child`s opinion could be changed by a better school experience. And remember that dropping out of school doesn`t necessarily mean the end of your child`s educational career. You can always decide to go ahead and get a GED and even a college degree. Since August 2013, 16 states and the Virgin Islands have set the age of compulsory education at 16; 11 States for 17 years; and 23 states and the District of Columbia, American Samoa and Puerto Rico at age 18. The January 2011 recommendations of the NCSL Task Force on Early School Leaving Prevention and Recovery refer to the compulsory school age. In the report, the working group recommends that states “conduct policy audits, eliminate counterproductive policies and encourage cooperation.” The report deals with the age of compulsory schooling as follows: pupils will, of course, skip school without permission for various reasons.